Trams have been at the heart of Christchurch since the late 1800s, yet the days of a tramway transport network are a thing of the past.
Today, the trams are for tourists, cruising around the central city. They're good for sightseeing. Right now, seven trams operate in Christchurch. There used to be just under 100.
With Christchurch in a continuing state of redevelopment, as well as committed to lowering carbon emissions after recently declaring a climate emergency, some are suggesting a tramway network resurrection.
University of Canterbury Mechanical Engineering Professor Susan Krumdieck has been involved in developing a tram network of the future for many years.
"Our city is going to transition into a city of the future, which isn't clogged with cars," Krumdieck said.
"If you look back at our history, we used to have 80km of tram running through the city. If you look at where they went, you can see the shape of Christchurch. Trams create cities, we used to have them and it's a no-brainer to bring them back."
The trams Krumdieck wants are different from the current ones running through the city. They would travel on fixed, individual rails, which would allow them to move with less energy to run on small engines.They would run at city speeds, ranging from 30kmh to 50kmh and would not intrude on traffic the way buses do.
"Have you stood next to a bus? They're big, they're noisy and don't negotiate with bikes very well. Buses are intrusive. It's about moving people around a city which is walking and cycling friendly. That's the whole point of talking about trams," Krumdieck said.
Not only is Krumdieck calling for the return of the tram, she knows exactly where she wants the first one placed.
"I've worked with a tram designer from Switzerland. We had a whole team sit down and work this out. We laid out where the first tram should go, which would be from Canterbury University, down Riccarton Rd and into the city," she said.
"Trams do stop frequently and if you look at where the tram could pay itself back, every block down that road allows for somewhere to stop at. It's about the flow of people onto and off the network and you've got possibly 20,000 people using that corridor regularly.